Service by

Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board About Journal Aims & Scope


Original Research Open Access


Development and Evaluation of The Health Belief Model Scale in Obesity

Ozden Dedelı, Cicek Fadıloglu.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
The aim of this study was to develop a measure based on the Health Belief Model which can provide a reliable and valid evaluation of obese individuals’ belief and attitudes towards obesity. The sample of the study that was conducted between July 2008 and May 2010 included 400 obese individuals who presented to the obesity clinics in Ege University Medical Faculty and Celal Bayar University Medical Faculty Hospitals. Obesity questionnaire form and Health Belief Model Scale in Obesity (HBMSO) developed by the investigator to collect data about sociodemographic and obesity characteristics of obese individuals as well as the health belief in obesity were applied with face-to-face interviews. The HBMSO was applied with face-to-face interviews again in the following three weeks to test the reliability of the scale. The analiysis of date was The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) for Windows 13.0. A principal component factor analysis was used to measure the construct validity of the HBMSO. Five factor groups were obtained as a result of the factor analysis. These five factors formed the domains of the HBMOS that included 32 items prepared as five point Likert scales. Total item correlation analysis was positive for all domains (>0.70 p<0.05). HBMSO demonstrated a reasonable level of internal consistency reliability with a Cronbach’s Alpha Coefficient of 0.80. Test and re-test reliability of each domain of HBMSO was r>0.60 p<0.00. These results show that HBMSO is a reliable and valid scale to measure the attitudes and beliefs of the obese individuals about obesity.

Key words: Obesity, health behavior, attitude, belief



Obezitede Sağlık İnanç Modeli Ölçeği’nin Geliştirilmesi

Özet
ÖZET
Bu çalışmada, obez bireylerin obeziteye yönelik tutum ve inançlarını güvenilir ve geçerli biçimde değerlendirebilecek Sağlık İnanç Modeli’ne dayalı bir ölçeğin geliştirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışmanın örneklemine Temmuz 2008-Mayıs 2010 tarihleri arasında Ege Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi ve Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi (Üniversite Hastanesi)’nin obezite kliniklerine baş vuran 400 obez birey dahil edilmiştir. Çalışma verileri araştırmacılar tarafından geliştirilen obez bireylerin sosyodemografik ve obezite ile ilgili özeliklerini ve obezitede sağlık inançlarını içeren Obezite Soru Formu ve Obezite Sağlık İnanç Modeli Ölçeği (OSİMÖ) kullanılarak yüz yüze görüşme tekniği ile toplanmıştır. OSİMÖ’nin geçerliliğini test etmek amacıyla ölçek üç hafta içerisinde yüz yüze görüşme tekniği ile tekrar uygulanmıştır (test-tekrar test). Veriler The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) for Windows 13.0 paket programı kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. Ölçeğin yapı geçerliliğini belirlemek amacıyla uygulanan faktör analizi sonucunda beş faktör grubu ve 32 madde elde edilmiştir. Bu beş faktör ölçeğin alt boyutlarını oluşturmaktadır. Beşli likert puanlama sistemine sahip olan ölçeğin toplam madde korelasyonları her bir alt boyutu için pozitiftir (> 0.70 p<0.05). Ölçeğin Cronbach alfa katsayısı 0.80 ve test-tekrar test güvenilirliği her bir alt boyutu için >0.60 p<0.00 olarak belirlenmiştir. Çalışma sonuçları, OSİMÖ’nin obez bireylerin obeziteye yönelik tutum ve inançlarını ölçmekte kullanılabilir geçerli ve güvenilir bir araç olduğunu göstermektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Obezite, sağlık davranışı, tutum, inanç.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Ozden Dedelı
Articles by Cicek Fadıloglu
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 9638
Downloaded: 3181
Cited: 1


REFERENCES
1 Kelly BE. Obesity Health and Medical Issue. London. Greenwood Pres, 2006.
2 World Health Organization (1998). Obesitypreventing and managing the global epidemic. Report of a WHO consultation on obesity 3-5 June Geneva: World Health Organization.
3 Food Standarts Agency (2004). Obesity rates worldwide._http://www.food.gov.uk/healthiereating/promotion/issue/obesityratesworldwide/ [Acces date:10.05.2010].
4 American Obesity Association (2004).Obesity, a global_epidemic_http://www.obesity.org./subs/fastfacts/obesity_global_epidemic.shtml [Acces date:10.05.2010].
5 Yalçýn M, Þahin M, Yalçýn E. Prevalence and epidermiological risk factors of obesity in Turkey. Middle East Journal of Family Medicine. 2004; 6: 6.
6 Onat A. Türkiye'de obezitenin kardiyovasküler hastalýklara etkisi. Türk Kardiyol Dern Arþ. 2003; 31: 279-289.
7 Wadden TA, Stunkard JA (Eds). Handbook of obesity treatment 1. Edition The Guildford Pres;2003.
8 Sapp SG, Weng CY. Examination of the healthbelief model to predict the dietary quality and body mass of adults. International Journal of Consumer Studies. 2006.
9 Nejad L, Wertheim E, Greenwood K. Comparison of the health belief model and the theory of planned behavior in the prediction of dieting and fasting behavior. E-Journal of Applied Psychology. 2005; 1(1): 63-74. [DOI via Crossref]   
10 Acikel CH, Kilic S. Selection of statistical methods in medical researches. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2004; 3(7): 162-163. [DOI via Crossref]   
11 Kaiser HF. An index of factorial simplicity. Psychometrika.1974; 39: 31-36. [DOI via Crossref]   
12 Cronbach LJ. Coefficient alpha and internal structure of test. Psychometrika. 1951; 16: 297-334. [DOI via Crossref]   
13 Campbell DT, Fiske JL. Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitraitmultimethod matrix. Psychol Bull. 1959; 56: 85-105. [DOI via Crossref]   
14 Kelly K. The behavior and psychology of weight management. JAAPA. 2004; 17: 29-32. [Pubmed]   
15 Daddario DK. A review of the use of the health belief model for weight management MedSurg Nursing_2007_http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FSS/is_6_16/ai_n24964183 [Acces date:12.03.2010].
16 Jeffery RW. How can health behavior theory be made more useful for intervention research? International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2004; 1(10): 1-5.
17 Michail BL. The health belief model: A review and critical evaluation of the model. Research practice. Eds.: Hinn PL. Developing substance mid-range. Theory in nursing advanced in nursing science series. An Apsen Publication Maryland. 1994, p. 72-92.
18 Champion VL. Use of the health belief model in determining frequency of breast self examination. Research in Nursing Health. 1985; 8: 373-379. [DOI via Crossref]   
19 Ratanasuwan T, Indharapakdi S, Promrerk R, et al. Health belief model about diabetes mellitus in thailand: the culture consensus analysis . J Med Assoc Thai. 2005; 88(5): 623-631. [Pubmed]   
20 Hazavehei SM, Taghdisi MH, Saidi M. Application of the health belief model for osteoporosis prevention among middle school girl students, Garmsar. Iran Education for Health. 2007; 20(1): 1-11.
21 Kim A, Horan C, Gendler B. Development and evaluation of the osteoporosis health belief scale. Research in Nursing Health. 1991; 14: 155-163. [DOI via Crossref]   
22 Saleeby JR. Health beliefs about mental illness:An instrument development study. Am J Health Behav. 2000; 24(2): 83-92. [DOI via Crossref]   
23 Nahcivan ON, Secginli S. Meme kanserinde erken tanýya yönelik tutum ve davranýþlar: bir rehber olarak saðlýk inanç modelinin kullanýmý. C. U. Hemþirelik Yuksek Okulu Dergisi. 2003; 7(1): 33-38.
24 Gozum A, Aydýn I. Validation evidence for Turkish adaptation of Champion&#8217;s Health Belief Model Scales. Cancer Nursing. 2004; 27(6):491-498. [Pubmed]   
25 Kilic D. Osteoporozdan korunmada saglik inanc modeli. Sendrom Dergisi. 2004; 16(10): 82-86.
26 Kilic D, Erici B. Osteoporoz Saglik Inanç Olcegi, Osteoporoz Oz Etkililik/ Yeterlilik Olcegi ve Osteoporoz Bilgi Testi'nin Gecerlik ve Güvenirliði. Ataturk Universitesi Hemsirelik Yuksekokulu Dergisi. 2004; 7: 1-15.
27 Kartal A, Ozsoy SA. Validitiy and reliability study of the Turkish version health belief model scale in diabetic patients. International Jou rnal of Nursing Studies. 2007; 44: 1447-1448. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   

This Article Cited By the following articles


2014; (): 347.

1
 

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dedeli O, Fadiloglu C. Development and Evaluation of The Health Belief Model Scale in Obesity. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2011; 10(5): 533-542. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110118022318


Web Style

Dedeli O, Fadiloglu C. Development and Evaluation of The Health Belief Model Scale in Obesity. http://www.tafmed.org/?mno=2595 [Access: December 16, 2017]. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110118022318


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dedeli O, Fadiloglu C. Development and Evaluation of The Health Belief Model Scale in Obesity. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2011; 10(5): 533-542. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110118022318



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dedeli O, Fadiloglu C. Development and Evaluation of The Health Belief Model Scale in Obesity. TAF Prev Med Bull. (2011), [cited December 16, 2017]; 10(5): 533-542. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110118022318



Harvard Style

Dedeli, O. & Fadiloglu, C. (2011) Development and Evaluation of The Health Belief Model Scale in Obesity. TAF Prev Med Bull, 10 (5), 533-542. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110118022318



Turabian Style

Dedeli, Ozden, and Cicek Fadiloglu. 2011. Development and Evaluation of The Health Belief Model Scale in Obesity. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 10 (5), 533-542. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110118022318



Chicago Style

Dedeli, Ozden, and Cicek Fadiloglu. "Development and Evaluation of The Health Belief Model Scale in Obesity." TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 10 (2011), 533-542. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110118022318



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dedeli, Ozden, and Cicek Fadiloglu. "Development and Evaluation of The Health Belief Model Scale in Obesity." TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 10.5 (2011), 533-542. Print. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110118022318



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dedeli, O. & Fadiloglu, C. (2011) Development and Evaluation of The Health Belief Model Scale in Obesity. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 10 (5), 533-542. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110118022318



AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed In

EBSCOhost
ScopeMed
TÜBİTAK Turkish Medical Index
AkademikDizin
IndexScholar
Scopus
CAB Abstracts
Global Health Database
DOAJ
IndexCopernicus
Turk Medline (Pleksus)
Google Scholar




The articles in TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.