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Female literacy and Immunization Uptake: A Macro Level Evidence from Ghana

Micheal Kofi Boachie, Pauline Sobiesuo.

Abstract
Background: Immunization has been one of the focal healthcare interventions against major childhood killer diseases, especially infectious ones. It has emerged as an important component of preventive medicine in most countries for the prevention and possible eradication of vaccine preventable-diseases (VPDs). This study aimed to estimate the impact of female literacy on immunization uptake against measles in Ghana.
Methods: We used annual data set covering the period 1990 -2013 and ordinary least squares (OLS) regression to examine the impact of female literacy on immunisation uptake.
Results: Factors such as female education (β=0.761, P=0.006), place of residence, i.e. urban (β=4.174, P=0.000) and rural (β=5.69, P=0.001), availability of skilled health personnel (β=0.034, P=0.062), and female labour force participation rate (β=0.776, P=0.198) were specified as determinants of immunisation uptake, proxied by percentage of children immunised against measles. Adjusted R-Squared was 0.944.
Conclusion: There is strong evidence that female literacy does improve immunization uptake levels. The results further suggest that both urban and rural dwellers have significantly utilised immunisation services for measles during the study period. Policy should therefore gear towards expanding access to education among females to sustain improvement in child health through preventive health services.

Key words: Female literacy; Immunization; Child health; Ghana; Preventive health



Kadn eitimi ve alama uyumu: Ganadan makro dzey bir kant

Özet
Ama: Baklama yaygn ocukluk a lmcl hastalklar, zellikle enfeksiyonlara kar blgesel nlemlerden biridir. Birok lkede a ile korunulabilir hastalklarn control ve eradikasyonunda nemli bir unsure olarak ne kmaktadr. Bu almann amac Ganada kadnlarn eitim dzeylerinin kzamk alamasna etkisi deerlendirilmitir.
Yntem: Bu aratrmada kadn eitim dzeyinin a yaptrmaya etkisi, 1990-2013 dnemi yllk veri setleri ve Sradan En kk Karaler regresyonu kullanlarak incelendi.
Sonu: Kzamk alamasna etkili faktrler anne eitimi (β=0.761, P=0.006), yerleim yeri, kentsel (β=4.174, P=0.000) ve krsal (β=5.69, P=0.001) olarak deerlendirildi. Eitimli salk personeli ve kadn personel varl etkisi istatistiksel olarak anlaml bulunmad. Dzeltilmi R kare deeri 0.944 bulundu.
Tartma: Anne eitiminin alamaya etkisine ilikin gl kantlar mevcuttur. Sonular ayrca alma dnemi boyunca hem krsal, hem kentsel alanda yerleenlerin alanma hizmetlerinin anlaml dzeyde arttn gstermitir. ocuk salnda koruyucu salk hizmetlerinin srdrlebilir gelimesi amac ile anne eitimini gelitirecek politikalar gelitirilmelidir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Kadn eitimi;Baklama; ocuk sal;Gana, Koruyucu Hekimlik


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Boachie MK, Sobiesuo P. Female literacy and Immunization Uptake: A Macro Level Evidence from Ghana. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2016; 15(6): 545-550. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1460534370



Web Style

Boachie MK, Sobiesuo P. Female literacy and Immunization Uptake: A Macro Level Evidence from Ghana. www.scopemed.org/?mno=225242 [Access: July 28, 2017]. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1460534370



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Boachie MK, Sobiesuo P. Female literacy and Immunization Uptake: A Macro Level Evidence from Ghana. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2016; 15(6): 545-550. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1460534370



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Boachie MK, Sobiesuo P. Female literacy and Immunization Uptake: A Macro Level Evidence from Ghana. TAF Prev Med Bull. (2016), [cited July 28, 2017]; 15(6): 545-550. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1460534370



Harvard Style

Boachie, M. K. & Sobiesuo, P. (2016) Female literacy and Immunization Uptake: A Macro Level Evidence from Ghana. TAF Prev Med Bull, 15 (6), 545-550. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1460534370



Turabian Style

Boachie, Micheal Kofi, and Pauline Sobiesuo. 2016. Female literacy and Immunization Uptake: A Macro Level Evidence from Ghana. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 15 (6), 545-550. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1460534370



Chicago Style

Boachie, Micheal Kofi, and Pauline Sobiesuo. "Female literacy and Immunization Uptake: A Macro Level Evidence from Ghana." TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 15 (2016), 545-550. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1460534370



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Boachie, Micheal Kofi, and Pauline Sobiesuo. "Female literacy and Immunization Uptake: A Macro Level Evidence from Ghana." TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 15.6 (2016), 545-550. Print. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1460534370



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Boachie, M. K. & Sobiesuo, P. (2016) Female literacy and Immunization Uptake: A Macro Level Evidence from Ghana. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 15 (6), 545-550. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1460534370



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