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Assessment of the level of awareness about tuberculosis among the different stakeholders of a medical college, Tamil Nadu

Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy.

Abstract
Background: Globally, tuberculosis (TB) has been acknowledged as one of the deadliest infectious disease. The objectives of the study were to assess the level of awareness about TB among the different stakeholders of a medical college and to formulate a comprehensive action plan to strengthen the Advocacy, Communication and Social Mobilization (ACSM) activities.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study of five months duration (September 2015 to January 2016) was conducted among the representative section of the various stakeholders of a medical college. A pre-tested, semi-structured schedule was designed after thoroughly studying the national TB training modules. All the study participants were interviewed using the schedule after obtaining their informed consent. In addition, a thorough inspection of the hospital and medical college was done to assess the status of ACSM activities.
Results: Among the different stakeholders (doctors, paramedical staff, patients, relatives) who participated in the study, the clinicians 38(24.8%) group accounted for maximum respondents. The knowledge level of medical fraternity (viz. specialists / pre and para-clinical doctors and MBBS doctors) pertaining to the definition of cure, drugs used for multi-drug resistant TB, honorarium for DOT provider, and utility of Mantoux test among adults was quite poor and recorded as only 31.1%, 37.7%, 44.3%, and 42.6% respectively.
Conclusion: To conclude, the present study has provided valuable insights about the knowledge of TB among all the stakeholders and the status of the ACSM activities in a medical college. Based on the study findings, a comprehensive action plan has been developed to bridge the existing gaps and strengthen the overall ACSM activities pertaining to TB within the medical college settings.

Key words: Tuberculosis, Medical College, ACSM, Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program



Tamil nadu’da bir tıp okulunun farklı paydaşları arasında tüberküloz hakkında farkındalıkların değerlendirilmesi.

Özet
Amaç: Global olarak tüberküloz (Tb) en ölümcül enfeksiyon hastalıklarından birisi olarak kabul edilir. Bu çalışmanın amaçları; bir tıp okulunun farklı paydaşları arasında tüberküloz hakkında farkındalıkları değerlendirmek ve savunuculuk, iletişim ve sosyal mobilizasyon aktivitelerini güçlendirmek için kapsamlı bir aksiyon planı oluşturmaktır.
Yöntem: Beş ay süren (Eylül 2015-Şubat 2016) bu kesitsel çalışma bir tıp okulunun paydaşları arasında temsili bir örnekte yürütüldü. Ön testi yapılmış, yarı-yapılandırılmış çizelge ulusal Tb eğitim modülleri incelenerek dizayn edildi. Onam alındıktan sonra tüm katılımcılarla görüşülerek çizelge dolduruldu. Ayrıca, savunuculuk, iletişim ve sosyal mobilizasyon aktivitelerinin durumunu değerlendirmek için hastane ve tıp okulu bütünüyle gözlendi.
Bulgular: Çalışmaya katılan farklı paydaşlar arasında (doktor, paramedik, hasta, hasta yakınları) 38 kişi (%24,8) ile klinisyen grubu en yüksek yanıt orantısına sahipti. Kür, çoklu ilaç direnci olan Tb.lerde ilaç kullanımı, doğrudan gözetimli tedavi sağlayanlara verilen teşvik ve erişkinlerde Manto testi kullanımı ile ilgili olarak tabiplerin bilgi düzeyi oldukça düşük bulundu: Sırasıyla %31,1, %37,7, %44,3 ve %42,6. Sonuç: Bu çalışma bir tıp okulundaki paydaşlar arasında Tb bilgi düzeyi ve savunuculuk, iletişim ve sosyal mobilizasyon aktiviteleri hakkında kıymetli görüşler sağladı. Çalışma bulgularına dayanarak, tıp okulu kurgusu içinde mevcut açığı gidermek ve Tb ile ilgili savunuculuk, iletişim ve sosyal mobilizasyon aktivitelerini tümüyle güçlendirmek için kapsamlı bir eylem planı hazırlandı.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Tuberculosis, Medical College, ACSM, Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Assessment of the level of awareness about tuberculosis among the different stakeholders of a medical college, Tamil Nadu. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2016; 15(6): 537-544. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1457761733



Web Style

Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Assessment of the level of awareness about tuberculosis among the different stakeholders of a medical college, Tamil Nadu. www.scopemed.org/?mno=221697 [Access: May 27, 2017]. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1457761733



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Assessment of the level of awareness about tuberculosis among the different stakeholders of a medical college, Tamil Nadu. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2016; 15(6): 537-544. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1457761733



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Assessment of the level of awareness about tuberculosis among the different stakeholders of a medical college, Tamil Nadu. TAF Prev Med Bull. (2016), [cited May 27, 2017]; 15(6): 537-544. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1457761733



Harvard Style

Shrivastava, S. R., Shrivastava, P. S. & Ramasamy, J. (2016) Assessment of the level of awareness about tuberculosis among the different stakeholders of a medical college, Tamil Nadu. TAF Prev Med Bull, 15 (6), 537-544. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1457761733



Turabian Style

Shrivastava, Saurabh RamBihariLal, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, and Jegadeesh Ramasamy. 2016. Assessment of the level of awareness about tuberculosis among the different stakeholders of a medical college, Tamil Nadu. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 15 (6), 537-544. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1457761733



Chicago Style

Shrivastava, Saurabh RamBihariLal, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, and Jegadeesh Ramasamy. "Assessment of the level of awareness about tuberculosis among the different stakeholders of a medical college, Tamil Nadu." TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 15 (2016), 537-544. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1457761733



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shrivastava, Saurabh RamBihariLal, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, and Jegadeesh Ramasamy. "Assessment of the level of awareness about tuberculosis among the different stakeholders of a medical college, Tamil Nadu." TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 15.6 (2016), 537-544. Print. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1457761733



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shrivastava, S. R., Shrivastava, P. S. & Ramasamy, J. (2016) Assessment of the level of awareness about tuberculosis among the different stakeholders of a medical college, Tamil Nadu. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 15 (6), 537-544. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1457761733



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