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Systematic reviews about child abuse and neglect in last 10 years

Hatice Yıldırım Sarı, Esra Ardahan, Beste Özgüven Öztornacı.

Abstract
In this study, we aimed to determine the level of available information and gaps which are related to child abuse and neglect in last ten tears. Literature review made on systematic reviews and meta-analysis in Pubmed database that has the “ Child abuse and neglect” or “Child maltreatment” keywords. Studies published in English through 1st January 2005- 31th March 2015 were reviewed. Totally 112 article were resulted in the search but only 101 of them were full text and also 59 systematic review excluded in the study.
42 articles were examined which are matching the criterias. Articles were classified according to subjects of the articles (identification, prevention, intervention, identification of the relationships, and others), types of child abuse-neglect (physical, emotional, sexual and others). Although we reached the systematic reviews related to child neglect and all types of child abuse, systematic reviews about emotional and sexual abuse are inadequate. The studies about intervention and identification of relations are insufficient. We observed the gap in the literature, in this direction.
Child abuse and neglect regardless of the kind; create irreversible trauma and also leads to problems in the child's adulthood. Therefore; identification and prevention is a priority, If prevention is impossible; it is a quite vital importance to intervent as soon as possible. Despite the achievement of systematic compilation associated with child neglect and abuse; especially intervention studies about emotional and sexual abuse were found as inadequate.

Key words: Child abuse and neglect, Child maltreatment, Systematic Review



Çocuk ihmal ve istismarına ilişkin son 10 yılda yapılan sistematik derlemeler

Özet
Bu çalışma, çocuk ihmal ve istismarına ilişkin son 10 yılda yapılan sistematik derlemeleri gözden geçirmek, mevcut bilgilerin hangi düzeyde olduğunu ve bilgi boşluklarını belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Çalışmada 01 Ocak 2005-31 Mart 2015 tarihleri arasında Medline/Pubmed veritabanında “child abuse and neglect” ve “child maltreatment” anahtar kelimeleriyle, İngilizce olarak yayınlanmış, tam metnine ulaşılabilen sistematik derlemeler taranmıştır. Toplam 112 adet sonuç görüntülenmiş, bunların 101’ ine tam metin olarak ulaşılmıştır. Yapılan inceleme sonucunda 101 çalışmadan 59’i değerlendirme dışı bırakılmış, kriterleri karşılayan 42 makale incelenmiştir. Makaleler istismar ve ihmal çeşitlerine (fiziksel, duygusal, cinsel ve diğer) ve konusuna (tanılama, önleme, müdahale/girişim, ilişki belirleme ve diğer) göre sınıflandırılmıştır. Çalışmaların çoğunlukla hem ihmal hem de istismarı birlikte incelediği; tüm istismar türlerini birlikte ele alan çalışmaların sayısının, fiziksel istismar, duygusal istismar ve cinsel istismarı ayrı ayrı ele alan çalışmaların fazla olduğu; gelişmekte olan ve geri kalmış ülkelerde sıklıkla görülen çocuk iş gücü kullanımını da içeren ekonomik istismar gibi alanların ise çalışmalarda yer almadığı saptanmıştır. Çocuk ihmal ve istismarı çeşidi ne olursa olsun çocuğun hayatında geri dönülmez travmalar oluşturmakta ve çocuğun yetişkinliğinde de problemlere yol açmaktadır. Bu sebeple oluşmadan önce tanılama ve önleme; şayet engellenemedi ise de en kısa sürede müdahale/girişim yapılması oldukça hayati önem taşımaktadır. Çocuk ihmal ve istismarı ile ilişkili olan sistematik derlemelere ulaşılmasına rağmen; özellikle duygusal ve cinsel istismar ile ilgili müdahale çalışmalarının yetersiz olduğu gözlenmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Çocuk ihmal ve istismarı, Çocuğa kötü muamele, Sistematik derleme.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sari HY, Ardahan E, Oztornaci BO. [Systematic reviews about child abuse and neglect in last 10 years]. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2016; 15(6): 501-511. Turkish. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1453795052



Web Style

Sari HY, Ardahan E, Oztornaci BO. [Systematic reviews about child abuse and neglect in last 10 years]. www.scopemed.org/?mno=216388 [Access: May 27, 2017]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1453795052



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sari HY, Ardahan E, Oztornaci BO. [Systematic reviews about child abuse and neglect in last 10 years]. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2016; 15(6): 501-511. Turkish. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1453795052



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sari HY, Ardahan E, Oztornaci BO. [Systematic reviews about child abuse and neglect in last 10 years]. TAF Prev Med Bull. (2016), [cited May 27, 2017]; 15(6): 501-511. Turkish. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1453795052



Harvard Style

Sari, H. Y., Ardahan, E. & Oztornaci, B. O. (2016) [Systematic reviews about child abuse and neglect in last 10 years]. TAF Prev Med Bull, 15 (6), 501-511. Turkish. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1453795052



Turabian Style

Sari, Hatice Yildirim, Esra Ardahan, and Beste Ozguven Oztornaci. 2016. [Systematic reviews about child abuse and neglect in last 10 years]. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 15 (6), 501-511. Turkish. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1453795052



Chicago Style

Sari, Hatice Yildirim, Esra Ardahan, and Beste Ozguven Oztornaci. "[Systematic reviews about child abuse and neglect in last 10 years]." TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 15 (2016), 501-511. Turkish. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1453795052



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sari, Hatice Yildirim, Esra Ardahan, and Beste Ozguven Oztornaci. "[Systematic reviews about child abuse and neglect in last 10 years]." TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 15.6 (2016), 501-511. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1453795052



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sari, H. Y., Ardahan, E. & Oztornaci, B. O. (2016) [Systematic reviews about child abuse and neglect in last 10 years]. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 15 (6), 501-511. Turkish. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1453795052



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